Africa Today blog

The flagship African show in Press TV

Posts Tagged ‘Talkshow’

Foreign Direct Investment to Africa: a force for good or ill?

Posted by AT on August 27, 2010

Africa Today 71
Topic: Foreign Direct Investment to Africa: a force for good or ill?
Broadcast Date: 24th August 2010
Presenter: Henry Bonsu
Guest(s):
Studio:
1- Miss Katharine Pulvermacher, Chief Executive, African Rainbow Consulting
2- Mr Kofi Mawuli Klu Chief Executive Commissioner, PANAFRIINDABA
Remote Studio:
3- Miss Geetha Tharmaratnam Principal, Investments & ESG, Aureos Advisers Limited

Description:
This is a wider discussion on where Foreign Direct Investment to Africa go, and what’s it doing to countries like Angola, Congo, the DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, South Africa and Zambia, and is it a force for good or ill?

Brief:
Uganda and Tanzania are, for the third year in a row, among the top 12 recipients of foreign direct investment in sub saharan Africa, according to the latest United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (Unctad), World Investment Report. Investment in Uganda has surged over the past three years from $733 million in 2007 to $799 million last year. In Tanzania investment has remained steady at between $645 million and $680 million. The two countries were not affected by the global downturn in foreign investment, as well as commodity price falls – in marked contrast to their neighbours in Kenya.

With AID failing to improve the lives of Africans on the continent, some campaigners are calling for a new investment strategy that will attack the causes of poverty and deliver long term growth. They say free markets and foreign direct investments in Africa can stimulate economies and create the jobs the continent so badly needs. Currently about 60 percent of Africans are under the age of 24, which many dreaming of a future in the west that their homeland cannot provide. But how sustainable are these FDI’s and their interests in Africa. Are they operating a biased trading system to get the most out of her natural resources? Investors from Asia, the Pacific and South Asia have been criticized for their poor human treatment and disregard for business ethics, while those from western industrialized nations have been accused of long term exploitation. This week Africa Today finds out if Foreign Direct Investment – the billions that come in from governments and multinationals – is a force for good or ill.

For African countries to attract Foreign Direct Investments, they’re told to improve the business environment, and make changes that usually favour the investors. According to the research body African Economic Outlook, FDI inflows are important as a stable and long-term source of capital to promote industry and commerce, but the majority of FDI to Africa remains targeted to extractive industries, like oil, gas, and mining, in a relatively limited group of countries. This means big commercial developments financed by outsiders often have little positive impact on local communities and the wider economy. The World Bank in a recent report classified 24 African countries as oil and mineral dependent. It said these countries accounted for about three quarters of annual FDI flows over the past two decades. Given the global economic downturn, will these African states be able keep their investors and at what cost?

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Israel’s secret relationship with Africa?

Posted by AT on June 16, 2010

Africa Today 61
Topic: Israel’s secret relationship with Africa?
Broadcast: 15th June 2010
Presenter: Henry Bonsu
Guest(s):
1- Thandi Makiwane, Community Activist
2- Richard Millett, Journalist
3- Richard Dowden, Royal African Society

Part 1

Description:
A report in the Guardian uncovers one of Israel’s secret relationship with Africa. It is not known the extent of Israel’s alliance with Africa and Secret documents revealing offer to sell nuclear warheads to South Africa cast fresh light on alliance.
Brief:
It’s the relationship that never was. Kept to the shadows, it was shielded behind secret agreements and disinformation that dressed up military cooperation as mining deals.
But when the spotlight occasionally flickered over one of the most intimate and enduring alliances of the postwar years, Israel was quick to underplay its deep military ties with apartheid South Africa as nothing more than a necessity of survival without a flicker of ideological affinity.
But as is shown by Sasha Polakow-Suransky’s book, The Unspoken Alliance, that relationship went beyond mere convenience.
For years after its birth, Israel was publicly critical of apartheid and sought to build alliances with the newly independent African states through the 1960s.
But after the 1973 Yom Kippur war, African governments increasingly came to look on the Jewish state as another colonialist power. The government in Jerusalem cast around for new allies and found one in Pretoria. For a start, South Africa was already providing the yellowcake essential for building a nuclear weapon.

Part 2

Israel’s relationship with South Africa began after most African governments cut ties with Israel against its 1973 Yom Kippur war. These Africa governments became suspicious about Israel and saw it as another colonialist power. South Africa was already providing Israel Uranium, a key ingredient in building nuclear weapon. Israel on the other hand failed in its attempts to sell South Africa nuclear warheads. However, Israel armed and provided the white minority government with military technology to help sustain its hold on power and its oppression of the black majority over two decades. South Africa subsequently became Israel’s largest weapons buyer. Is South Africa the only country Israel had this secret affair with? Africa Today explores Israel’s covert relationships with other African countries, and asks why some would rather we didn’t know what’s really going on”.

Part 3

Israel’s Africa relationship started long before Israel was founded in 1948. The father of modern political Zionism, Theodor Herzl in 1907 said “once I have witnessed the redemption of the Jews, my people, I wish also to assist in the redemption of the Africans.” This redemption was however shrouded in secret agendas and deals. Formal relations with Africa was established in the 1950’s when Israel opened its first embassy in Africa in Accra, Ghana. However many experts believe that Israel was more interested in political advantages and not economic gains. Its main contributions to Africa have been in the form of military aid such as weapons and training. Israel’s aim was to gain support over its war in the Arab region and also defuse Arab influence in Africa. The extent of this relationship with Africa is unknown but it is believed it goes further than South Africa.

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Has Ethiopian elections reversed the cycle of mistrust in its democratic system?

Posted by AT on June 15, 2010

Africa Today 60
Topic: Has Ethiopian elections reversed the cycle of mistrust in its democratic system?
Broadcast: 8th June 2010
Host: Vuyiswa
Guest(s):
1- Dr. Winston Mano; Editor, Journal of African Media Studies
2- Yosef Haimanot; Central Committee member, EPPF

Part 1

Description:
Ethiopian’s have voted in the first election since a 2005 contest which was marred by protests that led to the deaths of 200 people.
Brief:
Ethiopians voted on Sunday in national elections that are expected to return long-serving Prime Minister Meles Zenawi to power in the first ballot since a disputed poll in 2005 turned violent.
The opposition admits it has little chance of victory but says that is because the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) has tightened its grip on power and routinely intimidates and jails its critics.

The EPRDF says it has won popularity during a period of economic growth by building roads, hydropower dams and supplying electricity to villages in a country where nearly 10 percent of the population needed emergency food aid last year.
Mr Thijs Berman, the European Union’s chief observer, said his impression from a visit to a polling station in the capital Addis Ababa was “very positive”. But, one of the main opposition parties, the All Ethiopian Unity Party (AEUP) said its supporters and candidates were beaten, arrested and blocked from their constituency in Eastern and Western Ethiopia

part 2

This was Ethiopia’s first election since 2005. In that election it was reported that about 200 protestors were gunned down by police following a highly contested election in that year. In this year’s election the opposition claimed there had been fraud and irregularities in some areas of the country.   The current sitting prime minister, Meles Zenawi, who won this year’s election, has ruled the country for the past 19years. He has been criticized by the opposition and some international observers for suppressing press freedom, as well as the activities of the opposition parties and human rights groups. The AU commended the election as free and fair. However, United States and European Union observer mission criticized Prime Minister Zenawi for narrowing political space in the country.  As there were no reports of violence this time, Africa Today asks if perhaps, the election has reversed the cycle of mistrust in the country’s democratic system?

part 3

Ethiopia has a population of about 85 million people. The country mainly depends on agriculture which accounts for 60 percent of its foreign income and 80 percent of national employment.  Ethiopia has been plaque by a series of famines and droughts and its worst famine happened between 1984 and 1985 when almost one million people died after severe droughts.  Ethiopia is a strategic partner of the US in its fight against Somali insurgents and its military operations in the Horn of Africa. Mr Meles comes from a region called Tigray which accounts for about 6 percent of the national population and controls all major security institutions in the country. After successive coups Mr Meles stabilized the country after becoming Prime minister in 1995 and since then has tightened his grip on power.

 

Watch the comments on this (EthioTube) website.

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What’s the road ahead after Sudan’s historic elections?

Posted by AT on May 19, 2010

Africa Today 57
Topic: What’s the road ahead after Sudan’s historic elections?
Broadcasting date: 18th May 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa
Guests:

1- Ahmed Diraige, Former Governor, Darfur

2- Dr Khalid AlMubarak, Media Counsellor, Sudan Embassy

Description:
Many are concerned about Al-Bashir’s legitimacy to rule after disputed elections in April. Now the country faces some tough times ahead to deal with problems in the South of the country and the general feeling among Southerners about Omar al-Bashir’s government.

part 1

Brief:
At least eight people have been killed when mutinous troops attacked an army base in south Sudan following this month’s elections, officials say.
A southern army spokesman said the mutineers backed a former general who ran and lost in a Jonglei state poll.
George Athor denied leading the troops but told the BBC he sympathised with them and said the polls were rigged.
The ex-rebel SPLM party won a landslide victory to retain power in the south, amid widespread claims of intimidation.
The 11-15 April elections were the first in 24 years – and the first since the end of a two-decade conflict between north and south.
The BBC’s James Copnall in Khartoum says there have been intense negotiations for several days to avoid just this sort of problem in Southern Sudan.

part 2

Hear: Sudan now faces some of the toughest times in its history after general elections held this year.

See: SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Dr. Amina Osman, National Congress Party activist:
“The people of Sudan have nominated the National Congress Party to lead this nation towards peace, security and unity.”

Hear: Shortly after the elections there have been reported attacks on an army base in southern Sudan and fighting in West Darfur. The most serious of the recent developments is the attacks on West Darfur which The Justice and Equality Movement, one of Darfur’s biggest rebel groups, blame on the army. The group has decided to boycott peace talks with the government and threatened war if the offensive continued. Recent voting in the country did not take place in large parts of Darfur and Southern Sudan. The government had been working hard to prevent the latest events and this twist highlights the deep divisions within the country. Africa Today now finds out if the recent election results had any effect on resolving the conflicts in the Sudan region.

part 3

VT2

Hear: Sudan’s elections this year was the first in 24years and widely deemed free and fair by African Union observers. President Omar al Bashir of the National Congress Party, who stood against eleven other candidates, was declared the winner with 68.24% of the total vote.
SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Abel Alier, head of Sudan’s National Elections Commission:
“The winner to the position of President of the Republic of Sudan is Omar Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir from the National Congress: 5 million votes with a 68 percent win.”
Hear: In Southern Sudan, which is semi autonomous, Salva Kiir of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement won the presidency with a 93% of the total votes cast there. Even though some opposition members boycotted the elections, it was largely peaceful. Now keeping the peace after the elections is the question on many Sudanese minds and South Sudan’s expected elections for independence, next year.

AF57 Emails and texts

Emails:
Tobechukwu Tobechi -Nigeria

I suggest you reposition away from the usual western media demonization through negative reports on Africa, by emphasizing new developments and transformations on the continent in the field of technology, leadership, higher education, ICT, and industrialization. Western television stations are shunned by most Africans as conspiracy mechanisms. But press TV can make a difference if it wants and people are quietly watching.

Simon Hagos -Asmara

Explicitly the problem in Somalia has traveled from bad to worst. Many innocent people are dying because of malnutrition and children have suffered a lot for nothing, such problem is because of the western intervention like USA on the domestic issue of Somalia. That’s why you should air some programmes by inviting some experts from the region. The issue of Somalia is part and parcel of African issue.
Joseph

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Will racial tensions undermine South Africa’s hard won democracy?

Posted by AT on May 1, 2010

Broadcasting date: 27 april 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa
Guests:
Studio:
1- Gugulethu Mseleku, Managing Director, SAFISO
2- Thandi Makiwane, Community Activist

3- Phone guest from Johannesburg
William Gumede, Wits University Management School

part1

Description:
South Africa’s High Court banned ANC’s youth leader Mr Malema from singing the racially charged apartheid-era song with the words “kill the Boer”. It ruled the song was hate speech, although the ANC is appealing. Now some are blaming his actions motivated the killing of white supremacist Eugene Terreblanche.

Brief:
A call for calm by President Jacob Zuma went unheeded yesterday as supporters of white supremacy figurehead Eugene Terreblanche described his murder as a “declaration of war” by black South Africans on whites.

Terreblanche, the 69-year-old leader of the tiny Afrikaner Resistance Movement (AWB), was battered and hacked to death as he took a nap at his farm at Ventersdorp, 100km from Pretoria, on Saturday afternoon.
Two farm workers, aged 21 and 15, were arrested almost immediately. Police said they had been upset about unpaid wages and yesterday officers were deployed to protect the farm. AWB secretary-general Andre Visagie told reporters gathered outside the farm: “The death of Mr Terreblanche is a declaration of war by the black community of South Africa to the white community that has been killed for 10 years on end.”

part2

There are fears of a looming racial conflict between White and black South Africans in the wake of the killing of Eugene Terreblanche. Some members of his group, the Afrikaner Resistance Movement (AWB) say the killing was racially motivated and partly blame the leader of the ANC’s Youth league, Julius Malema for singing an apartheid song that stirred up racial hatred.

SOUNDBITE: Andries Visagie, AWB General Secretary:
“For us it is just a continuation of the murder of white people by black people in SouthAfrica.”

SOUNDBITE: Julius Malema, president of the ANC Youth League
“Majority of our songs, we can give you ten songs, they sing about boers, and how boers have brutalized our people.”

Reports estimate that 3,000 white farmers have been murdered since the end of apartheid in 1994 compared to some 50 people, mostly black who are killed every day. With the country deeply divided over these controversies, Africa today examines the impact of recent events on South Africa’s race relations.

part3

The South African Institute on Race Relations estimates that some 800,000 out of a total white population of 4 million have left South Africa since the end of apartheid. Moreover the remaining white farmers in the country have reduced to only about 40,000. A research from the Institute for Justice and reconciliation put new race figures as follows:

Source: Institute for Justice and Reconciliation

24% don’t speak to other races
46% “never socialise” with other races
39% find people of other races “untrustworthy”
59% “difficult to understand the customs and ways” of people of other races

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50 years after the Sharpeville massacre, is South Africa fulfilling the promise of freedom?

Posted by AT on April 8, 2010

Africa Today 51
Topic: 50 years after the Sharpeville massacre which sparked the arm struggle, is South Africa fulfilling the promise of freedom?
Broadcasting date: 6/04/10
Presenter: Vuyiswa

Studio Guests:
Mr Andrew Feinstein, Former ANC MP and author

Mr Leslie Maruziva, Chair, ZG Club

Phone Guest:
Maureen Mnisi,Chairperson, Landless People’s Movement

part1

Description:
Sunday 21 March 2010 marks the 50th anniversary of the day that changed the course of South African history. When police opened fire on thousands of unarmed protesters, killing 69 and injuring about 180, they inadvertently provided a catalyst for decades of armed struggle and forced the rest of the world to confront the iniquity of apartheid. White minority rule finally collapsed in 1994. Two years later it was in Sharpeville that the country’s first black president, Nelson Mandela, signed a new constitution.
On 21 March that year the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), a breakaway organisation from the African National Congress, mobilised black people across the country to demonstrate against laws that controlled their movement.
Thousands gathered outside the local police station in Sharpeville, challenging the police to arrest them for being without the pass books, or dompas, they were meant to produce on demand.

Part2

There were violent scenes and protests on the day South Africa marked 50 years since the Sharpeville Massacre. The protestors claimed promises made for freedom under the ANC government had not been fulfilled.

SOUNDBITE (Zulu) Busisiswe Mbuli, resident of Sharpeville township:
“Actually, the service delivery in this place is really not good at all. We cannot live in these shelters, they are right next to the tar road and the gas heating inside the shelter is not safe. And then there are the toilets. They are the worst.”

On 21st March 1960 about 69 people were killed and several injured when police fired on thousands of unarmed protestors in Sharpeville.
See:

SOUNDBITE (English) Reverend Mary Shenkane, eyewitness of Sharpeville massacre:
“The shooting started. All what we could see was people falling down. It was like a storm, when people were shot, bullets were getting into the bodies of the people, tearing actually the trousers and the clothes of people. Then it was taken in section, they would shoot one person first and then I think the command would say, then to the other person.”

Many South Africans living in Sharpeville now feel betrayed and neglected after the sacrifices that led to freedom. Africa Today asks is South Africa fulfilling the promise of freedom?

Part3

21 March 1960-
Black South Africans protest Apartheid laws restricting movement Police fire unprovoked killing 69 and injuring hundreds

1994-
Apartheid rule collapses under armed struggles and international pressure

1996-
ANC’s Nelson Mandela signs a new constitution in Sharpeville

2010-
South Africa Marks 50 years since Massacre

21st of March 1960 saw unarmed black South Africans protest against segregation laws. Apatheid police forces responded aggressively, shooting 69 people dead, and injuring several others. This tragic event was the catalyst that sparked the armed liberation phase of South Africa’s resistance to Apartheid.

In 1994 the apartheid government collapsed after years of armed struggle and international condemnation

The Country’s first Black President Nelson Mandela signed a new constitution in Sharpeville in 1996

50 years since the massacre, many South Africans are remembering those who perished in Sharpeville.

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Why is Nigeria Still Incapable of Averting Religious and Ethnic Conflicts?

Posted by AT on March 31, 2010

Africa Today 50
Why is Nigeria still incapable of averting religious and ethnic conflicts?
 
Broadcasting date: 30 March 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa
Guests: 

Femi Okutubo, Publisher / Editor-in-Chief, The Trumpet Newspaper 

Mohammed Umar, Writer 

part1 

Description:
About 200 people have been arrested and 49 charged with murder after massacres at three Christian villages at the weekend, police in Nigeria said recently. 

part2
 

The announcement came as more details emerged of the violent outburst in the central Plateau state whose capital, Jos, lies at the faultline between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.
Up to 500 people were killed — estimates of the number of victims differ — and scores more have fled their homes since the attacks by Muslim gangs on the villages of Dogo Nahawa, Zot and Ratsat.
Survivors told how mobs armed with machetes were waiting for them as they fled their burning homes. The attackers asked people “who are you?” in Fulani, a language used mostly by Muslims, and killed those who did not respond in that language. Women and children bore the brunt of the three-hour killing spree in the early hours of Sunday. 

part3
 

 

About 500 lives were reported to have perished in the second string of attacks since January in Jos. Jos the capital city of central Plateau state in Nigeria lies at the faultline between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south. 

Authorities believe the attacks on three Christian villages in the city were an act of retribution carried out by members of the Muslim Fulani community. 

SOUNDBITE: (English) David Keng, eye witness: (part overlaid by previous shot) “We heard gunshots, then we had some phone calls from the people in this area. By the time we were nearby, we heard the sound of the guns.” 

Ikechukwu Aduba, police commissioner: “We have requested for reinforcements and have been reassured by the special general that reinforcement is on its way.” After ignoring earlier warnings, the security forces have arrested about 200 people and charged 49 with murders. 

The recent clashes in Jos are a very familiar problem in Nigeria. Some 2000 people have been killed in the conflict since 2001. The fighting is mainly religiously motivated between the Muslim North and Christian south. With many blaming the situation on the political wrangling at the top, How will Nigeria be able to change the pattern of power struggle and abuse? A problem that has existed for most of its 50 years of  independence.

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Will Mohamed ElBaradei force Hosni Mubarak out of power?

Posted by AT on March 24, 2010

Africa Today 49
Topic: Will growing opposition force Egypt’s and one of Africa’s long serving presidents out of power? 

Date of recording : 19 March 2010
Broadcasting date: 23 March 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa
Guests: 

Dr Wafik Moustafa, Chair, Conservative Arab network
Dr Kamal Helbawy, Chair of center for Study of Terrorism 

Watch the full show at Press TV Africa Today site

Description:
Around 30 Egyptian opposition politicians and activists have agreed to form a coalition for political change led by the former head of the UN nuclear watchdog, Mohamed ElBaradei, who has said he may run for president. 

Members of long-marginalised opposition parties and protest movement leaders met Mr ElBaradei yesterday to launch a campaign for constitutional change before 2010 parliamentary and 2011 presidential elections. Several people involved in the talks said the group had agreed to form a “National Coalition for Change”, headed by Mr ElBaradei, 67.
The former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, returned to Egypt on Friday to a jubilant welcome. He has said that he would consider challenging Hosni Mubarak, the country’s President for almost 30 years. Decades of autocratic rule have weakened and fractured Egypt’s opposition.
Mr ElBaradei’s return has provided a new focal point to rally support. 

part1
 

Background:
With Egyptians due to vote in parliamentary elections this year and presidential elections next year, there are growing signs of political change. The latest is an agreement between about 30 opposition leaders and activists to form a coalition to challenge the current Egyptian President , Hosni Mubarak. The Coalition is led by former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Mohamed ElBaradei. 

part2
 

See: SOUNDBITE: (English) Mohamed ElBaradei, former head of International Atomic Energy Agency:
“You have seen how much support I got even before I set foot in Egypt. So it shows that people are ready, I would say even hungry for change.”
With growing support for change, Africa today asks if the presence of the former head of the UN Nuclear watch dog in the elections will be enough to challenge one of Africa’s longest serving presidents. 

part3
 

Timeline: 

1981 – A National Referendum approves Husni Mubarak as the new president. 

1999 – Mubarak begins his fourth term in office. 

2010 – Former UN nuclear chief Mohammed ElBaradei returns to Egypt and, together with opposition figures and activists, forms a coalition for political change.

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Is the UN wrong in placing sanctions on Eritrea?

Posted by AT on March 16, 2010

Africa Today 48
Topic: Is the UN wrong in placing sanctions on Eritrea? 

Date of recording : 12 March 2010
Broadcasting date: Tue 16 March 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa 

Guests:
Studio
1- Selam kidane, Human rights activist, Release Eritrea 

2- Mr.Sirak Bahlbi, Eritrean Community organizer 

Phone:
3- Thomas C. Mountain, Independent journalist, Horn of Africa 

Part 1

Part 2

Description:
On the 22nd of February 2009, tens of thousands of Eritreans and Friends
of Eritrea took to the streets of Geneva to voice their opposition to
Security Council Resolution 1907 (2009) which imposes sanctions against
Eritrea . The demonstration in Geneva was part of the world wide
demonstrations being held simultaneously in the United States , Australia
, Middle East and Africa . 
It is to be recalled that, on the 23 December 2009 the Security Council
adopted Resolution 1907 and sanctioned Eritrea for “providing financial
support to the Somali insurgents”, without ever producing any evidence.
The Security Council also called on Eritrea to acknowledge the nonexistent
“conflict with Djibouti “. 

The participants stated that the Eritrean people would never kneel down
and that there was no external pressure that could break the will of a
strong and united population. 

Assembling in front of the UN Office in Geneva, the participants of the
demonstration chanted slogans in various languages denouncing the shameful
sanctions resolution, and messages from various Eritrean communities in
Europe as well as messages of solidarity and friendship from other Horn of
Africa communities were conveyed. They also submitted petition
representing over 100,000 signatories to pertinent UN officials. 

Part 3

Part 4

Timeline of major events in Eritrea:
1890-1941- Colonised by Italy
1952 – UN makes Eritrea part of Ethiopia.
1958 – Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) formed to break away from Ethiopia
1970 – ELF splits and the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front created.
1993 – Eritrea becomes independent and joins United Nations.
1998-2000 – Eritrea-Ethiopia border clashes kill over 70,000
2000 Eritrea and Ethiopia agree ceasefire
2001 Eritrea and Ethiopia agree on UN-proposed mediation over border dispute
2003 Boundary commission rules disputed border town of Badme is in Eritrea. Ethiopia disagrees
2004 Ethiopia accepts ruling on its border with Eritrea but stalemate over Badme continues.
2006 UN report accuses Eritrea of providing arms and supplies to rival Islamists groups in Somalia. Eritrea denies the charge
2009 UN imposes sanctions on Eritrea. 

*****

This episode is also covered on THIS site

*****

Email From Mussie, Germany 

“Please use a new map Africa which shows Eritrea inside Africa. Eritrea is 

a member of AU and is already 19years old.” 

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How the Western Media Portay Africa?

Posted by AT on March 14, 2010

Western media depiction of African affairs

Host: Vuyiswa Ngqobongwana

Guests:

  • Dr Vincent Magombe, Writer and Broadcaster
     Ayo Johnson, African Affairs Commentator
     Ebere Nzewuji, Ben TV (on the phone)


 Broadcast on May 2009

Part 1

Part 2

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