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How credible will Sudans elections be?

Posted by AT on April 20, 2010

Topic: How credible will Sudans elections be?
Broadcasting date: 20 April 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa

Guests:
Studio:
1- Vincent Magombe, Director, Africa Inform International
2- Dr Khalid AlMubarak, Media Counsellor, Sudan Embassy

Satellite:
Roshan Mohammed Salih, Press TV Correspondent

part1

Description:
Some parties have redrawn from Sudans elections and others are threatening to do so in the country’s historic elections from 11-13 April. This could also affect the peace deal as one of the main parties in the deal Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) – which serves in a coalition at national level with President Bashir – announced it was withdrawing from the presidential election and from polls in Darfur over fraud and security fears.

part2

Brief:
Sudan’s National Electoral Commission has said this month’s national polls will not be delayed, despite a boycott threat by a major opposition party.
The Umma party’s conditions for participating included a delay of four weeks for the creation of a new body to supervise the electoral commission. Many parties have either already withdrawn from the elections or are threatening to withdraw.

part3

This is Sudan’s first multi party elections in 24 years. The country was ravaged with war for two decades until a peace deal was agreed in 2005.

Frequent coup d’états and civil wars between government forces and Sudan people’s liberation movement are among the reasons why elections haven’t been held until now. Other factors include the Darfur crisis and the subsequent arrest warrant by the ICC for the country’s President Omar al-Bashir. Furthermore, a key sticking point in the 2005 peace agreement was broken when an Arab militia and SPLM clashed in Abyei area on north-south divide.

part4

Reasons for national election delays:
From 1958- coup d’états and Civil Wars between the North and South
2003- Darfur crisis
July 2008- Arrest Warrant for Omar-al-Bashir
2008- Clashes reported in Abyei

NCP campaign promises:
Provision of basic services across the whole country
Economic development
The current ruling party National Congress Party led by President Omar al-Bashir has made some key promises to provide basic services across the country and enhance economic development.

Main Parties in Sudan’s elections:
Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir – National Congress Party (NCP)
Salva Kiir Mayardit – Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM),
Hatim al-Sirr Ali – Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)
Sadeq Abdel Rahman al-Mahdi – Umma National Party (UNP
Hear: His main opponent the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement with other parties boycotted the elections in the North but campaigned in the South promising to provide basic services, Health and Education, Protect the South’s right to a state and Deliver the dividends of peace.

Sudan long borders with many other countries:
• Map to show the following: Central African Republic (1 165 km)
• Chad (1 360 km)
• Democratic Republic of the Congo (628 km)
• Egypt (1 273 km)
• Eritrea (605 km)
• Ethiopia (1 606 km)
• Kenya (234 km)
• Libya (383 km)
• Uganda (435 km)

The outcome of the elections are crucial as Sudan is the largest country in Africa and the 9th in the world surrounded by countries at North, Central and Southern Africa. The country’s large oil finds and natural resources has drawn interests from the Chinese and other multi national organizations.

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