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Why is Nigeria Still Incapable of Averting Religious and Ethnic Conflicts?

Posted by AT on March 31, 2010

Africa Today 50
Why is Nigeria still incapable of averting religious and ethnic conflicts?
Broadcasting date: 30 March 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa

Femi Okutubo, Publisher / Editor-in-Chief, The Trumpet Newspaper 

Mohammed Umar, Writer 


About 200 people have been arrested and 49 charged with murder after massacres at three Christian villages at the weekend, police in Nigeria said recently. 


The announcement came as more details emerged of the violent outburst in the central Plateau state whose capital, Jos, lies at the faultline between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.
Up to 500 people were killed — estimates of the number of victims differ — and scores more have fled their homes since the attacks by Muslim gangs on the villages of Dogo Nahawa, Zot and Ratsat.
Survivors told how mobs armed with machetes were waiting for them as they fled their burning homes. The attackers asked people “who are you?” in Fulani, a language used mostly by Muslims, and killed those who did not respond in that language. Women and children bore the brunt of the three-hour killing spree in the early hours of Sunday. 



About 500 lives were reported to have perished in the second string of attacks since January in Jos. Jos the capital city of central Plateau state in Nigeria lies at the faultline between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south. 

Authorities believe the attacks on three Christian villages in the city were an act of retribution carried out by members of the Muslim Fulani community. 

SOUNDBITE: (English) David Keng, eye witness: (part overlaid by previous shot) “We heard gunshots, then we had some phone calls from the people in this area. By the time we were nearby, we heard the sound of the guns.” 

Ikechukwu Aduba, police commissioner: “We have requested for reinforcements and have been reassured by the special general that reinforcement is on its way.” After ignoring earlier warnings, the security forces have arrested about 200 people and charged 49 with murders. 

The recent clashes in Jos are a very familiar problem in Nigeria. Some 2000 people have been killed in the conflict since 2001. The fighting is mainly religiously motivated between the Muslim North and Christian south. With many blaming the situation on the political wrangling at the top, How will Nigeria be able to change the pattern of power struggle and abuse? A problem that has existed for most of its 50 years of  independence.

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Is the UN wrong in placing sanctions on Eritrea?

Posted by AT on March 16, 2010

Africa Today 48
Topic: Is the UN wrong in placing sanctions on Eritrea? 

Date of recording : 12 March 2010
Broadcasting date: Tue 16 March 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa 

1- Selam kidane, Human rights activist, Release Eritrea 

2- Mr.Sirak Bahlbi, Eritrean Community organizer 

3- Thomas C. Mountain, Independent journalist, Horn of Africa 

Part 1

Part 2

On the 22nd of February 2009, tens of thousands of Eritreans and Friends
of Eritrea took to the streets of Geneva to voice their opposition to
Security Council Resolution 1907 (2009) which imposes sanctions against
Eritrea . The demonstration in Geneva was part of the world wide
demonstrations being held simultaneously in the United States , Australia
, Middle East and Africa . 
It is to be recalled that, on the 23 December 2009 the Security Council
adopted Resolution 1907 and sanctioned Eritrea for “providing financial
support to the Somali insurgents”, without ever producing any evidence.
The Security Council also called on Eritrea to acknowledge the nonexistent
“conflict with Djibouti “. 

The participants stated that the Eritrean people would never kneel down
and that there was no external pressure that could break the will of a
strong and united population. 

Assembling in front of the UN Office in Geneva, the participants of the
demonstration chanted slogans in various languages denouncing the shameful
sanctions resolution, and messages from various Eritrean communities in
Europe as well as messages of solidarity and friendship from other Horn of
Africa communities were conveyed. They also submitted petition
representing over 100,000 signatories to pertinent UN officials. 

Part 3

Part 4

Timeline of major events in Eritrea:
1890-1941- Colonised by Italy
1952 – UN makes Eritrea part of Ethiopia.
1958 – Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) formed to break away from Ethiopia
1970 – ELF splits and the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front created.
1993 – Eritrea becomes independent and joins United Nations.
1998-2000 – Eritrea-Ethiopia border clashes kill over 70,000
2000 Eritrea and Ethiopia agree ceasefire
2001 Eritrea and Ethiopia agree on UN-proposed mediation over border dispute
2003 Boundary commission rules disputed border town of Badme is in Eritrea. Ethiopia disagrees
2004 Ethiopia accepts ruling on its border with Eritrea but stalemate over Badme continues.
2006 UN report accuses Eritrea of providing arms and supplies to rival Islamists groups in Somalia. Eritrea denies the charge
2009 UN imposes sanctions on Eritrea. 


This episode is also covered on THIS site


Email From Mussie, Germany 

“Please use a new map Africa which shows Eritrea inside Africa. Eritrea is 

a member of AU and is already 19years old.” 

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How the Western Media Portay Africa?

Posted by AT on March 14, 2010

Western media depiction of African affairs

Host: Vuyiswa Ngqobongwana


  • Dr Vincent Magombe, Writer and Broadcaster
     Ayo Johnson, African Affairs Commentator
     Ebere Nzewuji, Ben TV (on the phone)

 Broadcast on May 2009

Part 1

Part 2

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Is press freedom under attack in Ethiopia in the name of security?

Posted by AT on March 11, 2010

Africa Today 47
Topic: Is press freedom under attack in Ethiopia in the name of security?

Date of recording: 05 March 2010
Broadcasting date: 09 March 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa


1- Mr Negussie Gamma
Exiled Journalist

2- Mr Bekele Teklu
Member, Ethiopian People Revolutionary Party


Ethiopia’s new anti-terror law strips journalists of the right to protect the identity of their sources, a top official said in a statement carried Saturday by the national news agency ENA.
“The anti-terrorism law revoked the rights of journalists not to disclose their information sources when they report on terrorism,” the agency quoted State Minister for Communication Shimeles Kemal as saying.
“The new law revoked this right taking into consideration the magnitude of disasters caused by terrorism,” he added.

AF47 opening VT

Ethiopia’s counter terrorism and media law has drawn criticism worldwide especially from human rights organizations. The government enacted legislation ahead of this year’s elections in May. According to the Human Rights Watch, the law could classify political speech and peaceful protest as terrorist acts. The new law considers as acts of terrorism, damage to property and disruption to public services . It strips journalists of the right to protect the identity of their sources. The deputy head of the office for government communication affairs Shimelis Kemal said the new law requires journalists to disclose the sources of their information when reporting on Terrorism. The law will restrict the activities of opposition parties in the run up to the elections and place reporting restrictions on journalists whose work are not in favour of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s party Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front EPRDF. In 2005’s elections in which Mr Zenawi’s ruling EPRDF retained political power, several protestors, political party leaders, journalists and human rights activitists were arrested. There is a fear that this new law could lead to similar instances in the elections this year. Only one other African country, Eritrea, has jailed more journalists than Ethiopia. With this law likely to erode freedom of expression in that country, Africa Today asks; Is press freedom under attack in Ethiopia in the name of security?

Part 1

Part 2

AF47 2nd VT
Africa’s oldest independent country Ethiopia has a population of over 70 million people and it’s the third most populous nation in Africa. The country gets the most relief aid and the least development aid of any poor country in the world. Ethiopia is widely known for its periodic droughts and famines. Additionally the country has also been famous for long civil conflict and a border dispute with its neighbours, Eritrea. It remains one of Africa’s poorest countries even though it is Africa’s leading country in coffee production. The economy depends mainly on agriculture and lack of rain in recent times has caused severe famine. At the end of 2006, Ethiopia sent troops into Somalia to support its transitional government. But they failed to wrestle power from the Islamists who had been in control over large parts of the country. In early 2009 Ethiopia pulled its troops from Somalia. The Country’s president Meles Zenawi’s of Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF)is in his third-five year term as prime minister after winning bitterly contested elections in May 2005. Since his win, he has broken many promises in safeguarding freedom of speech and expression. Recent anti terrorism laws are one of new measures introduced to silence opposition members and journalists in the run up to this year’s elections.

Part 3

Your Emails:

From Aticky,
I listened to the two ignorant Ethiopian self exiled refugees talking such

rubbish about Ethiopian governmental system .In the last 18 years Ethiopia

has brought a miracle in improving the lives of millions of its citizens.

Its federal system of government is superb, infrastructure development is

beyond human imagination in such a short period of time.

From Simon Hagos
 I followed the interview which was conducted with the two Ethiopian

guests who live in exile. Western countries specially the USA and UK

promote the Ethiopian democracy as exemplary, but the reality is the

opposite. with the two journalist we got detailed information about the

true picture of Ethiopia.

Find this show in other news outlets: NewsDire

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