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The flagship African show in Press TV

Archive for April, 2010

How credible will Sudans elections be?

Posted by AT on April 20, 2010

Topic: How credible will Sudans elections be?
Broadcasting date: 20 April 2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa

Guests:
Studio:
1- Vincent Magombe, Director, Africa Inform International
2- Dr Khalid AlMubarak, Media Counsellor, Sudan Embassy

Satellite:
Roshan Mohammed Salih, Press TV Correspondent

part1

Description:
Some parties have redrawn from Sudans elections and others are threatening to do so in the country’s historic elections from 11-13 April. This could also affect the peace deal as one of the main parties in the deal Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) – which serves in a coalition at national level with President Bashir – announced it was withdrawing from the presidential election and from polls in Darfur over fraud and security fears.

part2

Brief:
Sudan’s National Electoral Commission has said this month’s national polls will not be delayed, despite a boycott threat by a major opposition party.
The Umma party’s conditions for participating included a delay of four weeks for the creation of a new body to supervise the electoral commission. Many parties have either already withdrawn from the elections or are threatening to withdraw.

part3

This is Sudan’s first multi party elections in 24 years. The country was ravaged with war for two decades until a peace deal was agreed in 2005.

Frequent coup d’états and civil wars between government forces and Sudan people’s liberation movement are among the reasons why elections haven’t been held until now. Other factors include the Darfur crisis and the subsequent arrest warrant by the ICC for the country’s President Omar al-Bashir. Furthermore, a key sticking point in the 2005 peace agreement was broken when an Arab militia and SPLM clashed in Abyei area on north-south divide.

part4

Reasons for national election delays:
From 1958- coup d’états and Civil Wars between the North and South
2003- Darfur crisis
July 2008- Arrest Warrant for Omar-al-Bashir
2008- Clashes reported in Abyei

NCP campaign promises:
Provision of basic services across the whole country
Economic development
The current ruling party National Congress Party led by President Omar al-Bashir has made some key promises to provide basic services across the country and enhance economic development.

Main Parties in Sudan’s elections:
Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir – National Congress Party (NCP)
Salva Kiir Mayardit – Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM),
Hatim al-Sirr Ali – Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)
Sadeq Abdel Rahman al-Mahdi – Umma National Party (UNP
Hear: His main opponent the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement with other parties boycotted the elections in the North but campaigned in the South promising to provide basic services, Health and Education, Protect the South’s right to a state and Deliver the dividends of peace.

Sudan long borders with many other countries:
• Map to show the following: Central African Republic (1 165 km)
• Chad (1 360 km)
• Democratic Republic of the Congo (628 km)
• Egypt (1 273 km)
• Eritrea (605 km)
• Ethiopia (1 606 km)
• Kenya (234 km)
• Libya (383 km)
• Uganda (435 km)

The outcome of the elections are crucial as Sudan is the largest country in Africa and the 9th in the world surrounded by countries at North, Central and Southern Africa. The country’s large oil finds and natural resources has drawn interests from the Chinese and other multi national organizations.

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Why has there been an apparent silence on the LRA’s (Congo) latest killings?

Posted by AT on April 15, 2010

Africa Today 52
Topic: Why has there been an apparent silence on the LRA’s latest killings?

Broadcasting date: 13/04/2010
Presenter: Vuyiswa

Guests:
Ambrose Nzeyimana, Coordinator, Organising for Africa

Tedi Mavoka, Coordinator, DRC Vision

part 1

Description:
At least 321 people were killed and hundreds were abducted in one of the worst massacres by Africa’s most feared rebel group, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), in the Democratic Republic of Congo in December.
A three-year-old girl was burnt to death during the attack on men, women and children, an investigation by a human rights group has revealed.
Villagers who escaped death were sent back with their lips and ears cut off as a warning to others of what would happen if they talked — a tactic used frequently by the LRA, which has terrorised much of northern Uganda and the border areas with Sudan and Congo for more than two decades.
The attack — which was unreported until now — confirms that the LRA has restarted terrorising the region despite losing its bases in Sudan a few years ago, when Khartoum, its main backer, signed a peace deal with south Sudanese rebels. According to Human Rights Watch the LRA also abducted at least 250 people during the attack, including 80 children.

part2

Why media silence?
International interests in diamonds
The LRA is spread across 15,000 square miles of dense forest and plains
Main supply line from Sudanese government in Khartoum
HRW report breaks the silence

Certain groups feel that there has been international silence on LRA’s atrocities in the northern part of the Democratic republic of Congo due to the illegal trading of the region’s diamonds.
UN believes the LRA is scattered across 15,000 square miles of dense forests which includes parts of Northern Congo and the Central African Republic.
Deputy Governor of the South Sudanese state of Western Equatoria, Col Joseph Ngere, believes the groups’ line of supply comes from the Sudanese government in Khartoum.
Is the Human rights watch report the catalyst for the story coming out?

part3

A report by Human Rights Watch has uncovered the massacres of about 321 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The rebel group, the Lord’s Resistance army has been behind these killings and also the abduction of hundreds of civilians. The Massacre according to the rights group is one of the worst ever committed by the LRA in its 23 year history. The attacks carried out in December last year have been unreported until now. Africa Today asks why has there been an apparent silence on the LRA’s latest killings?

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50 years after the Sharpeville massacre, is South Africa fulfilling the promise of freedom?

Posted by AT on April 8, 2010

Africa Today 51
Topic: 50 years after the Sharpeville massacre which sparked the arm struggle, is South Africa fulfilling the promise of freedom?
Broadcasting date: 6/04/10
Presenter: Vuyiswa

Studio Guests:
Mr Andrew Feinstein, Former ANC MP and author

Mr Leslie Maruziva, Chair, ZG Club

Phone Guest:
Maureen Mnisi,Chairperson, Landless People’s Movement

part1

Description:
Sunday 21 March 2010 marks the 50th anniversary of the day that changed the course of South African history. When police opened fire on thousands of unarmed protesters, killing 69 and injuring about 180, they inadvertently provided a catalyst for decades of armed struggle and forced the rest of the world to confront the iniquity of apartheid. White minority rule finally collapsed in 1994. Two years later it was in Sharpeville that the country’s first black president, Nelson Mandela, signed a new constitution.
On 21 March that year the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), a breakaway organisation from the African National Congress, mobilised black people across the country to demonstrate against laws that controlled their movement.
Thousands gathered outside the local police station in Sharpeville, challenging the police to arrest them for being without the pass books, or dompas, they were meant to produce on demand.

Part2

There were violent scenes and protests on the day South Africa marked 50 years since the Sharpeville Massacre. The protestors claimed promises made for freedom under the ANC government had not been fulfilled.

SOUNDBITE (Zulu) Busisiswe Mbuli, resident of Sharpeville township:
“Actually, the service delivery in this place is really not good at all. We cannot live in these shelters, they are right next to the tar road and the gas heating inside the shelter is not safe. And then there are the toilets. They are the worst.”

On 21st March 1960 about 69 people were killed and several injured when police fired on thousands of unarmed protestors in Sharpeville.
See:

SOUNDBITE (English) Reverend Mary Shenkane, eyewitness of Sharpeville massacre:
“The shooting started. All what we could see was people falling down. It was like a storm, when people were shot, bullets were getting into the bodies of the people, tearing actually the trousers and the clothes of people. Then it was taken in section, they would shoot one person first and then I think the command would say, then to the other person.”

Many South Africans living in Sharpeville now feel betrayed and neglected after the sacrifices that led to freedom. Africa Today asks is South Africa fulfilling the promise of freedom?

Part3

21 March 1960-
Black South Africans protest Apartheid laws restricting movement Police fire unprovoked killing 69 and injuring hundreds

1994-
Apartheid rule collapses under armed struggles and international pressure

1996-
ANC’s Nelson Mandela signs a new constitution in Sharpeville

2010-
South Africa Marks 50 years since Massacre

21st of March 1960 saw unarmed black South Africans protest against segregation laws. Apatheid police forces responded aggressively, shooting 69 people dead, and injuring several others. This tragic event was the catalyst that sparked the armed liberation phase of South Africa’s resistance to Apartheid.

In 1994 the apartheid government collapsed after years of armed struggle and international condemnation

The Country’s first Black President Nelson Mandela signed a new constitution in Sharpeville in 1996

50 years since the massacre, many South Africans are remembering those who perished in Sharpeville.

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